Map of Andient Middle East showing the homelands ofall the "ites"

Current Events in the Light of Ezekiel 38-39 and Joel 2

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Study Type - Adult Lesson

Fellowship - Becky Bereans

Book - Ezekiel, Joel

Ezekiel, Gog, Kurdistan, Magog, Turkey

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Uncertainties and Pitfalls of Prophetic Teaching

The teaching of prophecy is falling out of favor in the modern church in America, and the rest of the western world, because of the tremendous emotional baggage such teaching carries with it. Pastors of churches founded on the “Purpose Driven” principles of Rick Warren, and other church-growth-focused church models are discouraged from teaching on the various prophecies found in God’s Word, because they don’t want to “turn people off” with messages that make folks uncomfortable. But every pastor who takes on the leadership of a Christian flock has a solemn obligation to teach the full counsel of God’s Word, without “cherry-picking” the parts that are pleasant to hear while skipping over the parts that make us uncomfortable.

Paul wrote of this in his final letter to Timothy.

1I charge you therefore before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, who will judge the living and the dead at His appearing and His kingdom: 2Preach the word! Be ready in season and out of season. Convince, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching. 3For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but according to their own desires, because they have itching ears, they will heap up for themselves teachers; 4and they will turn their ears away from the truth, and be turned aside to fables. 5But you be watchful in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, fulfill your ministry.

2 Timothy 4:1-5 – NKJV

Ever since the announcement of the new US foreign policy with regard to Syria and the Levant a few weeks ago, God has placed a heavy burden on my heart to teach about it in relation to some of the prophecies we find in His Word. This is uncomfortable for me, and I’m sure it is uncomfortable to those who follow my Bible teachings. But I must obey the leading of God’s Spirit speaking to my heart. Why is it so hard to do this?

  • People are fearful of the unknown – Future events are unknown by definition. People want to know what to expect and when to expect it. People look to the teacher of prophecy to provide interpretation as well, but this is difficult at best, and often quite impossible. People want to hear a prophetic timeline they can use to fill into their planning calendars, but even God the Son Himself, in the flesh of the man Jesus of Nazareth didn’t know the timeline of future events.

31Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away.
32But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. 33Take heed, watch and pray; for you do not know when the time is.

Mark 13:31-33 – NKJV
  • Various Eschatological Positions
    • Pre/Mid/Post-tribulation rapture.
    • Preterism (holds that the tribulation already happened in 70AD and we are currently living in the millennial reign of Christ).
    • Some Biblical support for all.
    • Not really important.
    • We will not cover in this lesson.
    • Truth in advertising – I am personally a believer in the literal seven-year tribulation yet to come, and in the pre-tribulation rapture of the church.

Eschatological Givens

  • True prophets may be distinguished from false prophets in that their prophecies are either fulfilled or not.
    • Ezekiel has a good track record.
      • Return of Israel to the Land of Promise in 1947 (Ezekiel 37 – Valley of the Dry Bones prophecy)
    • Others not so much…
      • 70 – Simon bar Giora (Jewish Essenes)
      • 1501 – Christopher Columbus
      • 1914 – Charles Taze Russell – Founder of Zion’s Watchtower Bible and Tract Society (Jehovah’s Witnesses)
      • 1967 – Jim Jones – People’s Temple founder and mass executioner.
      • 1969 – Charles Manson
      • 1981 – Chuck Smith – Founder of Calvary Chapel
      • 1982 – Pat Robertson – 700 club televangelist
      • 1991 – Louis Farrakhan – Nation of Islam
      • 1999 – Nostradomus
      • 1994, 1995, 2011 – Harold Camping (radio evangelist)
      • 2000 – Edgar Cayce, Jerry Falwell – televangelist and founder of Liberty University, Tim LaHaye & Jerry B. Jenkins – authors of Left Behind series, Jonathan Edwards – 18th century puritan preacher.
  • No further prophecies need to be fulfilled before Jesus’ return.
  • Jesus’ return is certain…

1Let not your heart be troubled; you believe in God, believe also in Me. 2In My Father’s house are many mansions; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. 3And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.

John 14:1-3 – NKJV

Current Events

Middle East in Old Testament Times
Map of Ancient Middle Eastern Empires
Ancient Middle Eastern Empires
Map of Modern Levant and Northern Middle East
The Levant and Northern Middle East Today
Map of Conceptual Kurdistan
Conceptual Kurdistan
  • Trump recently commanded removal of remaining US troops from Syria.
  • Left the door open for Recep Tayyip Erdoğan – “president” of Turkey to go after Kurds in Syria and Iraq.
    • Map of ostensible “Kurdistan” clearly shows threat to Turkish territory.
    • US government still lists PKK (Kurdish Workers’ Party – outlawed in Turkey) as a terrorist organization.
    • Kurds have been fighting against ISIS alongside “coalition” troops since the US final withdrawal from Iraq under Obama in 2011.
    • The US has a storied, shameful history of pulling the rug out from under Kurdish ambitions for autonomy
      • George H.W. Bush 1991
      • George W. Bush 2007
      • Barrack Obama 2008-2016
      • Donald Trump 2019
  • Deepening rift between US and Turkey has allowed alliance between Turkey and Russia to flourish.
  • Confused and inconsistent US foreign policy since WWII has brought deep instability to the region.
  • US has had a nuclear weapons storage area at Incirlik AB, Turkey since the 1960s.
    • Erdogan has been recently rattling the nuclear sabre and essentially holds these weapons hostage.

Ezekiel 38-39 – The Prophecy Against Gog of Magog

Recall from our recent study in Hebrews that Israel’s judge – Jephthah – defeated the Ammonites in battle. In that study, we noted that the descendants of the Ammonites are the modern day Syrians (see map handout). During that study, we also noted God’s promise in Ezekiel 25:1-14, that one day, “… I will deliver you [Ammon] as a possession to the men of the East.” Has President Trump unwittingly (or perhaps wittingly) aided the fulfillment of this prophecy by withdrawing the US military presence in Syria?

1Now the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 2“Son of man, set your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy against him, 3and say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: “Behold, I am against you, O Gog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal.

Ezekiel 38:1-3 – NKJV

In studying the prophecy, I will try to keep my comments minimal, and simply let the prophecy speak for itself. As we read the whole prophecy together it will be very informative to look at some of the names we find in it as we go along.

Gog – Gog is not a name, but a title like Abimelech, Pharaoh, Czar, Kaiser, King, or Prince. The Hebrew word גּוֹג Gowg literally means mountain, but we can think of it as “Prince” or “King”

Magog – The Hebrew מָגוֹג Magowg is the name of one of Noah’s grandsons – the second son of Noah’s son Japheth. The name is also used to refer to the area where Magog’s descendants lived – the mountainous region between Cappadocia and Media. See the map handout of the ancient Median empire. This is the area of northern Kurdistan in eastern Turkey. It is also the area of the headwaters of the Euphrates River, and the mountains of Ararat where Noah’s ark came to rest after the flood.

Meshech – Another of Japheth’s sons. The name מֶשֶׁךְ Meshek is also used to refer to his descendants – in particular the people who live on the borders of Colchis and Armenia in far eastern Turkey.

Tubal – Another of Japheth’s sons. The name תֻּבַל Tuwbal also refers to a region in eastern Turkey near ancient Cappadocia.

Rosh – Although capitalized in many English translations, the Hebrew word רֹאשׁ ro’sh simply means chief, head, or leader. I have heard it preached that Rosh is a reference to Russia, and that Meshek is a reference to Moscow, but I find no Biblical basis for this teaching, and believe it to be false.

Gomer – This is a name that is reused in the Bible. In this case it most likely refers to גֹּמֶר Gomer – the eldest son of Japheth. The descendants of Gomer also dwelt in Asia Minor in the region of modern Turkey.

Togarmah – The descendants of Gomer’s son תֹּגַרְמָה Towgarmah who settled in the area of Armenia in the far east of modern Turkey.

Shebaשְׁבָא Shĕba’ is another name that is found in multiple contexts, and it is difficult to discern precisely which of these is intended in Ezekiel’s prophecy. Sheba is the name of one of Noah’s great-great-grandsons – descendants of Ham’s son Cush. The name in Ezekeil may refer to the land settled by Sheba’s descendants after God scattered the nations following the destruction of the tower of Babel built by Cush’s more renowned son – Nimrod.

Dedan דְּדָן Dĕdan was Sheba’s brother, and the name here in Ezekiel may refer to the area settled by his descendants in southern Arabia around modern day Yemen.

Tarshish – The exact meaning of the name תַּרְשִׁישׁ Tarshiysh in Ezekiel’s prophecy is also uncertain.

25For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. 26And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written:

The Deliverer will come out of Zion,
And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob;
27For this is My covenant with them,
When I take away their sins.” [Isaiah 59:20-21]

Romans 11:25-27 – NKJV

Hamon Gogהֲמוֹן גּוֹג Hamown Gowg – multitude of Gog.

Hamonahהֲמוֹנָה Hamownah – multitudes.

Joel 2

The prophecy of the Gog of Magog war is particularly disturbing for us who have lived our entire lives under the threat of nuclear annihilation, especially when we consider the presence of the US nuclear arsenal at Incirlik Air Base in Adana, Turkey which is under imminent threat of seizure by Erdogan’s army. Nevertheless, as Christ followers we must always remember that none of this comes as a surprise to our God who has known and directed the final outcome since before He spoke our universe into being. Furthermore we should always keep in mind His reassurances to us – His beloved children.

For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, says the LORD, thoughts of peace and not of evil, to give you a future and a hope.

Jeremiah 29:11 – NKJV

38For I am persuaded that neither death nor life, nor angels nor principalities nor powers, nor things present nor things to come, 39nor height nor depth, nor any other created thing, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Romans 8:38-39 – NKJV

The destruction of the forces of Gog of Magog are only a stepping stone along the way to the final fulfillment of God’s plan for His creation that will culminate in what the prophet Joel called “The Day of the LORD.”

4 thoughts on “Current Events in the Light of Ezekiel 38-39 and Joel 2”

    • I believe that Maggog and gog are names of the watchers of the land. Maggog and gog are also mentioned in revelation too.

      • Not sure what you mean by “watchers of the land.” What is your Biblical basis for that belief, and what do you mean by it? In Revelation 29, the words Gog and Magog seem to be symbolic of far distant places – presumably far distant from the land of Israel. The verse in Revelation 20 where they are mentioned names them in the context of the four corners of the earth. Obviously, since Earth is a globe, it has no “corners.” The “four corners” must therefore be symbolic of the uttermost distant places on Earth from somewhere – again, presumably the land of Israel. As pointed out in the post, the Hebrew word Gog found in Ezekiel means “mountain” or “prince.” The derivation is uncertain Except that there is an Israelite by that name listed in Chronicles.


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